A Perfectly Preserved Mammoth Discovered- Raises Hopes For Cloning

An international team of researchers have discovered the unique material in a permafrost mammoth graveyard in remote Yakutia in east of Russia. The unique material from this mammoth  include cells that are perfectly preserved bringing closer the prospect of cloned comeback of this iconic tusked creature that used to exist some 10,000 years back on this planet. The exceptionally preserved material was found at a depth of about one hundred meters by an international team of scientists who made the find in August and had opined that the material can be used in cloning.

These wholly mammoths were killed due to the combination of climate change and human hunters as per the latest research conducted on these creatures. Most of these wholly mammoths died about 10,000 years ago with the last small populations which were living on islands lingering until about 4,000 years ago.  The findings of this mammoth includes ‘soft, fatty tissue, hair, bone marrow as described by the Semyon Grigoryev – Director of the Mammoth Museum at the North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk who led the expedition team.  This expedition has also resulted in close ties between scientists from different countries.

Professor Adrian Lister of the Natural History Museum in London has opined that this discovery is one of the most complete mammoth carcasses that had been ever found.  The latest find coincides with a “Jurassic  Park Prize” being mooted for the first team that is able to bring back an extinct animal back to life.  Steven Spielberg – who directed films based on Michael Crichton’s Jurassic Park thrillers about cloning dinosaurs, will be approached to support the prize.  The X-Prize Foundation that offered the prize for private space ventures is promoting the scheme.

The mammoths evolved from African elephants when the Ice Age gripped planet earth some two million years ago. These mammoths are believed to be around twice the size of today’s elephants and their long tusks helped them to fight their enemies and pick grass and shrubs out of the ice. These mammoths died out around 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, even though some of them survived in Alaska in United States, until around 3750 B.C.  The last known surviving mammoths lived on Wrangel Island –off the Siberian coast until around 1650 B.C.

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