Amazing discovery of Ten New Species on this planet strengthens its ecological diversity

An amazing discovery of ten new species that would revolutionize the arena of recognizing the ecological diversity of this planet was announced by the members of the International Institute for Species Exploration at the Arizona State University along with an international committee of scientists around the world. The Members of the international committee handpicked about ten species from more than 200 nominations that they received from explorers who made these discoveries for the calendar year-2011.

These species are very strange and are unusual as they have some peculiar characteristics that are not seen in other living species. This list is issued for fifth year in a row and which coincided with the birthday (May-23) of the Swedish Botanist – Carolus Linnaeus. This Swedish botanist can be termed as the father of creating the modern system for naming and classifying of the living species.

The release of the list is intended to honor the sacrifices of the explorers, museum scientists made in discovering new plants, fungi and microbes. The top ten list of these versatile species include-

  • Sneezing Monkey- Rhinopithecus strykeri- is the first snub based monkey that sneezes when it rain and is found in the high mountains of Myanmar. This monkey has a black fur and a white beard and believed to be a critically endangered species. The scientific name for this monkey –Rhinopithecus strykeri- is named in honor of Jon Stryker – President and Founder of the Arcus Foundation.
  • Devil’s Worm- These worms’ measures about 0.5 millimeters and lives at a depth of 1.3 kilometers and is considered to be the deepest living terrestrial multi cellular organisms on earth. These worms were discovered in a South African gold mine and given a scientific name Halicephalobus mephisto. These species has been known to have not been in contact with the earth’s atmosphere for the last 4,000 to 6,000 years.
  • SpongeBob Square Pants Mushrooms- This new type of fungi species just looks like a sponge and smells like a fruit. The body of this mushroom can be squeezed like a sponge but it again bounces back to its original shape. This fungus was discovered in the island of Borneo – Malaysia. The scientific name of this mushroom is – Spongiforma squarepantsii.
  • Giant millipede – The new discovery of this giant millipede holds the record as the world’s largest millipede admeasuring 16 centimeters or about 6.3 inches and was found in Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania.
  • Walking Cactus- It is a species that is now extinct and the fossil of which was found in the Cambrian deposits in south western China. The fossil is about 520 millions of years old and shares a common ancestry with arthropods that includes insects and spiders.

The other five species discovered includes the Night Blooming Orchid, Parasitic Wasp, Sazima’s Tarantula, the Bonaire banded box jelly, and the Night blooming orchid. These ten top listed species draws our attention towards earth’s biodiversity and also warns us about the excessive human interference that is leading to the extinction of invaluable species of this planet.      

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